Listening: Knowledge | The First Four Events that Changed World History

In this episode from Perfect English Podcast, we will focus on listening, and at the same time, we will learn interesting facts every time we have an episode of Perfect English Knowledge. We will learn about the first four events that changed the history of mankind. Listen to the interesting facts and check your understanding after you listen with this short quiz.

Perfect English Podcast Episode 21 Audio

Perfect English Podcast Episode 21 Quiz

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Choose the first four events that changed the world. (Choose 4 answers)

Please select 4 correct answers

Correct! Wrong!

When did man first discovered the use of fire?

Correct! Wrong!

The first deliberate use of fire occurred in _____.

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Which is the oldest?

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What is the meaning of Homo Sapiens?

Correct! Wrong!

What is the major change in homo sapiens that allowed them to spread and dominate the world?

Correct! Wrong!

Why is it hard to know the exact date of the invention of bows and arrows?

Correct! Wrong!

Why didn't agriculture start before 10000 B.C.

Correct! Wrong!

Where were the first practices of agriculture found?

Correct! Wrong!

What paved the way for the development of cities?

Correct! Wrong!

Perfect English Podcast Episode 21 - Listening: Knowledge Quiz
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Episode Transcript

0:05
Welcome to Episode 21 from perfect English podcast. This episode is all about learning new information and practicing our listening. Today we’re going to talk about the first four events that change the world history. The first was the discovery of the uses of fire. The second one was the emergence of the homosapiens, or the wise man. The third was the invention of the bow and arrow. And the last one was the emergence of agriculture. So let’s get to it and start with our first event. The first event that really changed the world is when man discovered the use of fire, as some of you might think that this didn’t happen a long time ago, but actually, it happened somewhere around 1.4 million years ago. Throughout millions of years, humans have evolved from a species like Largely at the mercy of nature to one that has managed and shaped its own destiny. Learning to use fire was key to that process. The two earliest known examples of the deliberate use of fire occurred in today’s chisel longer Kenya and Swart Krantz, South Africa, dating back 1.4 and 1.3 million years ago, respectively. When Homo erectus started to migrate from Africa to Asia, they began to use naturally occurring fires in order to adapt to colder climates. Later, around 7000 bc homosapiens began making their own fires by using sticks or striking Flint against pyrite to set a spark to dry grass that would erupt into flame. These methods are still used by traditional peoples in Africa and Australia, as well as campers around the world fires served several functions for early men. The first and second being warmed and light. It also changed how humans ate since cooked flesh was easier to digest and prevented diseases ingested through raw meat. As time went on, fire became a military tool, Greek and German soldiers often use scorched earth tactics in wars. Since then the uses of fire have varied widely. It is even used to shape or into metal creating the foundation for modern day steel plants. Fire significant troll throughout human history is greatly represented through the flame as a symbol of both love and religion today. So that is probably the most important discovery in the history of mankind. And that is when men discovered the use of fire. But that’s not all. I promised you. I will talk about the first four events that really changed the history of the world. The first one was fire the second one was the emergence of the wise man, and that happened around 120,000 years ago. With the appearance of Homo sapiens. The appearance of Homo sapiens are an anatomically modern humans was a long evolutionary process, probably descended from Homo erectus, who have evolved in Africa about 1.7 million years ago. homosapiens have larger brains were linguistically adept, and capable of reflective thought. By the time homosapiens, meaning wise man emerged from Africa some 120,000 years ago, they were already much the same as today’s humans. During the course of 80,000 years. They traveled first to the Middle East around 120,000 years ago, continued on to East Asia by about 50,000 years ago, and then to Europe some 40,000 years ago. There they encountered Neanderthals classified alternatively, as a subspecies of Homo sapiens, or a separate species descended from Homo erectus, whose brains were similar in size, but may not have been as well developed for speech and social skills dependent on speech. They died out or were assimilated into dominant populations of homosapiens, some 32,000 years ago. So the emergence of the wise men, or homosapien, which happened around 120,000 years ago, was the second important event that affected human history. What about the third one, the third one was the invention of the bow and arrow, which happened around 15,000 BC. The development of the bow and arrow was a momentous advancement that allowed early hunters not only the safety of pursuing pray from afar, but also more accuracy and velocity than before. The exact date of its invention is elusive. Since the earliest examples may have been Made of perishable materials such as wood, the bow and arrow likely followed weaponry advances like the spear thrower, the barbed harpoon, and the boomerang. The oldest specimens found are the home of guard bows dating to 9000 bc discovered in a peat bog in Denmark. During the Neolithic period, which dates from about 7000 to 2000 BC. This early missile was adapted to warfare in England the remains of Hill forts dating back 5400 years show evidence of sustained archery attacks, including skeletons with embedded arrowheads. Neolithic cave paintings from Spain show bands of archers shooting at one another. Indeed, archery would be used in warfare for millennia. So we are already becoming better killers by inventing bows and arrows. Now we can kill from afar without having to be up close and personal. With the animals we want to kill, and later on with the humans we want to kill. And now for the fourth event we want to talk about today that absolutely influenced the history of humankind after the discovery of fire, the emergence of Homo sapiens or the wise man, the invention of bow and arrow, there came one of the most important things that affected the history of humankind, and that was the birth of agriculture, and that happened somewhere around 9000 BC. The warmer climate that came with the end of the Ice Age roughly 10,000 years ago, favor the transition from hunting and gathering to farming. At that time, the Middle East suffered a dry spell limiting wild grain harvests the area’s communities began to supplement wild crops with their own plantings, storing the excess to ensure their food supply. They also began to domesticate wild animals of the region, the practices Agriculture and animal domestication arose quickly in different parts of the world, appearing in the Americas by 8000 BC, Africa and India by 7000 BC, and in East Asia and Europe by 6000 BC. Barley, wheat, rice and oats were the first to be systematically cultivated. Later. 8000 to 5000 years ago, humans began planting root crops and legumes, followed by fruit trees and leafy vegetables. Each area of the world grew regional foods through some spread via traders and migrants. irrigation developed in Mesopotamia around 6000 BC, was critical to agricultural development, canals, reservoirs, and embankments allowed fresh water and silt deposits from the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, the channel directly into fields This increase made the soil more fertile, made farmers less dependent on rainfall and paved the way for the development of cities. So these were the first four events that affected the history of the world. Thank you very much for listening. I’ll see you again next time.

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