Perfect English Podcast 15 - English Grammar: Troublesome Verbs

In today’s episode from Perfect English Podcast, you will learn about some troublesome verbs in English. You will learn the difference between the verbs raise and rise, set and sit, and lay and lie. Listen to the audio lesson first before you attempt the quiz.

Troublesome Verbs Audio

Troublesome Verbs Transcript

Welcome to a new episode from perfect English podcast. Today we’re going to talk about some grammar and we will focus on some troublesome verbs. We will compare raised with the rise, set with sit, lay with ly. These verbs are troublesome because they are easily confused with each other. The main difference between these verbs is that some of them are transitive, and some of them are intransitive. A transitive verb is a verb that is followed by an object. an intransitive verb is a verb that is not followed by an object. Let’s start with the first pair, raise and dries. While both might have the same meaning or very close, meaning the use is totally different. We use Raise when we have an object so Grace is a transitive verb. We say for example, Tom raised his hand, but Tris is intransitive. So we cannot use an object with it. We say the sun rises in the east. As you can see, in the east, it’s not an object, and we cannot put an object after it. So we cannot say Tom raises his hand. And obviously, we cannot say the sun raises in the east. The thing we need to know here is that these two verbs are different in the past and in the past participle. Raise is a regular verb, so it’s raised in the past and also raised in the past participle. But rise is an irregular verb. So rise in the past becomes rose, and in the past participle, it’s risen. Now, let’s move to the next pair, set and sit. Maybe they are a little bit different, but a lot of people confuse These two verbs, and the main difference again is transitive and intransitive set is a transitive verb. For example, we say I will set the book on the desk. The book is the object so set is transitive. And we say I sit in the front row. We don’t have an object here. So sit is an intransitive verb. Now that we know the difference between set and sit, we need to know that set is the same in the past and the past participle, but set become sat in the past, and also sat in the past participle. And now for the last bear, which is the most troublesome of all verbs, and that is laid and lie. They both have similar meaning, but the difference is that Li is a transitive verb. We say I am laying the book on the desk. There is the book here which is the object but we say he is lying on his bed. There is no object here, while the meaning is pretty similar Again we noticed that lay is transitive and lie is intransitive. Now the big difference is in the conjugation lay the transitive verb. In the past it becomes late and in the past participle It is also laid, but lie becomes lay in the past and laying in the past participle. But make sure not to confuse this use of lie with the use that means not to tell the truth. Because this one is a regular verb. The past is lied, the past participle is lied. So the next time you’re going to use one of these verbs, remember, res set and les are transitive verbs, they need an object rise, sit and lie are intransitive verbs, so you can’t use an object with them. And that’s all the grammar we have for one day. I’ll see you next time. I hope you have learned a lot today and I’m pretty sure that your English is a step closer to perfect English. This was your host Danny Don’t forget to subscribe. I’ll see you next time.


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