Global Problems - Natural Disasters 1

This week in Perfect English with Danny Podcast, we will be talking about global problems. We will talk about natural disasters, the verbs we use with natural disasters, the people involved in disasters and finally the top ten global problems. 

In this episode, we will start talking about natural disasters, we will translate the keywords into many different languages. 

Episode 136 – Global Problems – Natural Disasters 1

Check out episode 137 – Global Problems – Natural Disasters 2

Episode Transcript

Danny:

Welcome to a new week from Perfect English with Danny and anew theme we are going to talk about this week. This week, we will focus on globalproblems; we will talk about natural disasters, the verbs we use with naturaldisasters, the people involved in disasters and finally the top ten globalproblems.

Before we start, let me remind you that in order to makethings more understandable, we will translate the keywords into as manylanguages as possible in the show and in the link you will find in thedescription of the episode, you can find the translations into 62 languages.There are also the interactive and downloadable activities at the end of the week.These are very useful to retain the new words you learn and add them to youractive vocabulary bank.

So, are you ready to start this week’s journey with Ben and me?Let’s get to it.

Today, we will talk about natural disasters, and when we saynatural disasters, we mean a natural event which causes a lot of damage andkills a lot of people. Disasters are very bad accidents, especially ones inwhich a lot of people are killed. War or civil war are disasters, but these won’tbe our focus today     , today we aretalking about natural disasters, the ones that are not man-made.

Ben:

But you know, Danny, nowadays, even some natural disastersare kind of caused by us because of the way we are abusing the resources of ourplanet. I am not saying that we are causing earthquakes and hurricanes, but weare contributing in a way to the natural disasters that are happening aroundthe globe.

Danny:

I agree. We are not going to provide the scientific proof forthis, but it all makes sense as we have consumed more natural resources in thepast 100 years than the entire human history.

Ben:

Yeah, one can never say enough about this topic, right?

Danny:

That’s right. However, it is one of the least trendingtopics online. Cute cats and dogs, poses and duck faces are more popular in socialmedia.

Ben:

Tell me about it. I kind of feel that all this ispre-programmed, as if big corporations do not want us to think about these issues.

Danny:

You bet. Maybe, because they are the ones consuming most ofthe natural resources on the planet. Then they manufacture goods we mostly don’tneed and sell them to us. A mindless consumer is always easier to sell unnecessaryproducts to than a clever thinking consumer, but let’s not get political here.This is an English learning podcast after all.

So, our topic for today is natural disasters. Which naturaldisaster do you think is the most devastating, Ben?

Ben:

Well, it depends. An earthquake can be devastating if ithappens in a highly populated area, but it might be less tragic if it happens somewherein the middle of a desert, for example.

Danny:

I agree. All natural disasters vary in their tragic consequencesdepending on where they take place. Today, we will introduce our listeners to differenttypes of natural disasters, so let us make this into a little game between youand me. I will describe a natural disaster to you, and you will have to name it.You can ask questions to get more details if you like. Deal?

Ben:

Sure thing. That sounds like fun.

Danny:

So, let me start with the first one. It is a situation inwhich large numbers of people have little or no food and many of them diebecause of it.

Ben:

So, let me get that straight. The reason why people aredying in this situation is the shortage of food.

Danny:

That’s right.

Ben:

Do we find a lot of this happening in Africa?

Danny:

That’s right, unfortunately.

Ben:

So, we are talking about a famine here.

Danny:

Famine is the word, that’s right. F A M I N E, famine.

Ben:

You know it hurts to see many people throw away food theybarely touched when people in many parts of the world, especially in Africa, diebecause there is no food.

Danny:

People who have never been hungry don’t know what hunger orfamine means. They see it on TV as if were coming from an alien planet.

Ben:

I agree, but even worse are those who know what it means,but they still don’t care.

Danny:

Yeah, ain’t that the goddamn truth. So, our first naturaldisaster for today is famine.

Ben:

Yes, and famine is:

French: famine

Spanish: hambruna

Italian: carestia

German: Hungersnot

Portuguese: penúria

Arabic: مجاعة

Danny:

So now, let’s move to our next natural disaster. This one isa largeamount of earth and rocks falling down a cliff or the side of a mountain.

Ben:

This usually happens when there are not enough trees to holdthe earth on the side of cliffs and mountains, so when a lot of rain comes, it sweepsthe earth and rocks which are sitting loosely on the side of a mountain or acliff.  

Danny:

That’s right.

Ben:

This one is a landslide.

Danny:

That’s right! L A N D S L I D E, landslide. This is a goodexample when humans can contribute to a natural disaster. When we cut down treesand leave nothing to hold the earth together, especially on the side ofmountains and cliffs, we increase the danger of landslides.

Ben:

That’s right. So a landslide is:

French: glissement de terrain

Spanish: desprendimiento de tierras

Italian: franamento

Portuguese: deslizamento de terra

German: Erdrutsch

Arabic: انهيار أرضي

Danny:

That’s great! Now for our third natural disaster for today;It is a longperiod of time during which no rain falls.

Ben:

And that causes the earth to become dry and eventually thatleads to crops failing because there is not enough water. Right?

Danny:

That’s right.

Ben:

We are talking about a drought here.

Danny:

Excellent! D R O U G H T, drought.

Ben:

By the way, can we say that there is a drought in thedesert?

Danny:

Not really, because desert areas are always dry with very littlewater or rainfall, so it is not unusual or disastrous in the desert to havelittle rainfall; it is the norm there. We use drought when there is lessrainfall than usual, or when it lasts longer than usual, usually much longerthan usual, so it turns into a disaster.

Ben:

I see. So, let’s see what drought means in other languages:

French: sécheresse

Spanish: sequía

Italian: siccità

Portuguese: seca

German: Dürre

Arabic:  جفاف

Danny:

That’s great! So, let’s see what our fourth natural disasterfor today is. If there is this disaster of a particular disease somewhere, itaffects a very large number of people there and spreads quickly to other areas.

Ben:

So, technically we are talking about a disease or an illness,but it is not a regular thing like the common cold; we are talking somethingmore serious like Ebola, SARS, H1N1 and so on, and this disaster happens whenthese pathogens spread quickly among the population to a point when it becomesdifficult to contain or control the spread, right?

Danny:

Absolutely!

Ben:

So, we are talking about an epidemic.

Danny:

That’s right. E P I D E M I C, epidemic. How does thattranslate into other languages?

Ben:

Well, Epidemic is:

French: épidémie

Spanish: epidemia

Italian: epidemia

Portuguese: epidemia

German: Epidemie

Arabic: وباء

Danny: Thank you, Ben, for your helpful translations andfor helping me out today. Of course, there are more natural disasters we will betalking about, but that will be all for today. Tomorrow, we will continuetalking about our theme Global problems and we will continue talking aboutnatural disasters; we will talk about explosions, hurricanes, tornados, typhoonsand more, so stay tuned and don’t miss tomorrow’s episode from Perfect Englishwith Danny. This is your host Danny saying thank you very much for listening toour episode today. Ben and I will see you tomorrow to continue our conversationabout natural disasters. Don’t miss that. We will see you in the next episode.

Translations into 62 Languages

Englishfaminelandslidedroughtepidemic
Frenchfamineglissement de terrainsécheresseépidémie
Italiancarestiafranamentosiccitàepidemico
Spanishhambrunadeslizamiento de tierrasequíaepidemia
GermanHungersnotErdrutschDürreEpidemie
Portuguesepenúriadesmoronamentosecaepidemia
Chinese饥荒滑坡干旱疫情
Japanese飢饉土砂崩れ干ばつ伝染病
Korean기근산사태가뭄전염병
Arabicمجاعةانهيار أرضيجفافوباء
Afrikaanshongersnoodgrondverskuiwingdroogteepidemie
albanianurilumë votashthatësirëepidemi
Azerbaijaniaclıqsürüşməquraqlıqepidemiya
Basquegosetealuizilehorteepidemia
Bengaliদুর্ভিক্ষভূমিস্থলনখরামহামারী
Belarusianголадапоўзеньзасухаэпідэмія
Bulgarianгладсвлачищесушаепидемия
Catalanfamcorriment de terressequeraepidèmia
Croatiangladklizištesušaepidemija
Czechhladomorsesuv půdysuchoepidemie
Danishhungersnødjordskredtørkeepidemi
Dutchhongersnoodaardverschuivingdroogteepidemie
Esperantomalsategoterglitosekecoepidemio
Estoniannäljahädamaalihepõudepideemia
Filipinotaggutomguhokawalan ng ulanepidemya
Finnishnälänhätämaanvyörymäkuivuusepidemia
Galicianfamedesmoronamentosecaepidemia
Georgianშიმშილიმეწყერიგვალვაეპიდემია
Greekπείναολίσθηση έδαφουςξηρασίαεπιδημία
Gujaratiદુકાળભૂસ્ખલનદુકાળરોગચાળો
Haitian Creolegrangouyon glisman tèsechrèsepidemi
Hebrewרָעָבסוחףבצורתמגיפה
Hindiसूखाभूस्खलनसूखामहामारी
Hungarianéhínségföldcsuszamlásaszályjárvány
Icelandichallæriskriðuþurrkafaraldur
Indonesiankelaparantanah longsorkekeringanwabah
Irishgortasciorradh talúntriomacheipidéim
Kannadaಬರಗಾಲದಭೂಕುಸಿತಬರಸಾಂಕ್ರಾಮಿಕ
Latinventurae famisLAPSUS TERRAEsiccitaspestilentia
Latvianbadsnogruvumssausumsepidēmija
Lithuanianbadasnuošliaužasausraepidemija
Macedonianгладлизгање на земјиштетосушаепидемија
Malaykelaparantanah runtuhkemarauwabak
Malteseġuħlandslidenixfaepidemija
Norwegianhungersnødjordskredtørkeepidemi
Persianقحطیرانش زمینخشکیبیماری همه گیر
PolishgłódosuwiskoOkres suszyepidemia
Romanianfoametealunecare de terensecetăepidemie
Russianголодоползеньзасухаэпидемия
Serbianгладклизиштесушаепидемија
Slovakhladomorzosuv pôdysuchoepidémie
Slovenianlakotazemeljski plazsušaepidemija
Swahilinjaaushindi mkubwaukamejanga
Swedishsvältjordskredtorkaepidemi
Tamilபஞ்சம்நிலச்சரிவுவறட்சிதொற்றுநோய்
Teluguకరువుకొద్దిలోకరువుఅంటువ్యాధి
Thaiความอดอยากแผ่นดินถล่มแล้งที่ระบาด
Turkishkıtlıkheyelankuraklıksalgın
Ukranianголодзсувпосухаепідемія
Urduقحطلینڈ سلائیڈنگخشک سالیوبا
Vietnamesenạn đóisạt lở đấthạn hándịch
Welshnewyntirlithriadsychderepidemig
Yiddishהונגערלאַנסליידטריקענישעפּידעמיע

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