Global Problems - Natural Disasters 2

This week in Perfect English with Danny Podcast, we will be talking about global problems. We will talk about natural disasters, the verbs we use with natural disasters, the people involved in disasters and finally the top ten global problems. 

We started talking about natural disasters in episode 136, so click the link below if you want to listen to that episode first.

Check out episode 136 – Global Problems – Natural Disasters 1

In this episode, we will continue talking about natural disasters.

Episode 137 – Global Problems – Natural Disasters 2

Episode 137 Transcript

Danny:

Hello and welcome to another episode from Perfect Englishwith Danny. Today we will continue talking about our theme for this week,global problems. In the last episode, we started talking about naturaldisasters; we talked about famine, landslide, drought and epidemic. Today, wewill continue talking about natural disasters.

But before we start, let me remind you that in order to makethings more understandable, we will translate the keywords into as manylanguages as possible in the show and in the link you will find in the descriptionof the episode, you can find the translations into 62 languages and today’s episodetranscript. There are also the interactive and downloadable activities at theend of the week. These are very useful to retain the new words you learn andadd them to your active vocabulary bank.

So, without further ado, let’s get cracking.

Hi Ben, what other natural disasters do we want to talkabout today?

Ben:

There are still quite a few, so let me switch roles todayand ask you to guess the disaster we are talking about. How does that sound?

Danny:

Sounds great. Let’s do it!

Ben:

All right, so it is a sudden, violent burst of energy,for example one caused by a bomb. What is it?

Danny:

Well, it doesn’t usually happen naturally, but it can occurin a natural way, especially in volcanoes. It usually has a force and ashockwave, so it can kill you if you are anywhere within the blast radius.  

Ben:

That’s right!

Danny:

It is an explosion. E X P L O S I O N, explosion.

Ben:

I must admit that we should be including this in man-madedisasters, but it can happen naturally.

Danny:

Yeah, that’s right. Explosions can occur in nature due to alarge influx of energy. However, most natural explosions arise from varioustypes of volcanic action.

Ben:

That’s right, so explosion in English is:

French: explosion

Spanish: explosión

Italian: esplosione

German: Explosion

Portuguese: explosão

Arabic: انفجار

Danny:

That’s great. What’s the next question?

Ben:

You’re really excited about that, aren’t you?

Danny:

You bet!

Ben:

All right. So, this one is an extremely violent wind or stormusually faster than 120Km/h.

Danny:

Well, that’s a tricky one.

Ben:

Tell me if you want to give up.

Danny:

No, no, of course I don’t want to give up. It’s just that wecall it different names. Well the most common name is a hurricane, H U R R I CA N E, hurricane, but it can also be called, typhoon, or cyclone. Typhoon isspelled T Y P H O O N, and cyclone is spelled C Y C L O N E, and of coursethere is the tornado that usually occurs in a hurricane. Tornado is spelled T OR N A D O.

Ben:

So, are you saying that hurricane, typhoon, cyclone, andtornado are all the same?

Danny:

Not really, especially for a tornado. A tornado is not thewhole storm system; it is a violent windstorm consisting of a tall column ofair that looks like a funnel or a cone turned upside down, which spins roundvery fast and causes a lot of damage. It usually occurs during a hurricane. Butas for cyclone, typhoon and hurricane, yes, they are all the same. They’resimply a violent storm system with winds reaching 120 Km per hour or usually muchfaster than that.

Ben:

But why do we call them different names?

Danny:

Scientists just call these storms different names dependingon where they occur. For example, In the Atlantic and northern Pacific, thestorms are called “hurricanes,” after the Caribbean god of evil,named Hurrican. In the northwestern Pacific, the same powerful storms arecalled “typhoons.” In the southeastern Indian Ocean and southwesternPacific, they are called “severe tropical cyclones.”

Ben:

Oh, I see. Well, to be honest. I thought there were somegeeky scientific differences between these three words. I didn’t know it wasjust a matter of where they occur.

Danny:

No, as I told you, they all have the same meaning, and I haveto say that hurricane is the most common word of the three, so let’s focus onthis word in our translations.

Ben:

Sure thing. So, hurricane in English is:

French: ouragan

Spanish: huracán

Italian: uragano

German: Orkan

Portuguese: furacão

Arabic: إعصار

Danny:

I can see that the Spanish translation is the actual name ofthat evil Caribbean god I mentioned earlier.

Ben:

That’s right. Most of the words that come from that area areoriginally Spanish. Actually, they all speak Spanish in South America, exceptfor Brazil, where they speak Portuguese.

Anyway, let’ move on to our next disaster. It is a shakingof the ground caused by movement of the Earth’s crust.

Danny:

Yeah, this happens when the earth starts to shake beneathyou and it can be weak and even unnoticeable, but sometimes, it can be severeand devastating. We usually measure its strength by the Richter scale, right?

Ben:

That’s right!

Danny:

It is an earthquake, E A R T H Q U A K E, earthquake. Didyou know that earthquakes happen all the time; we just don’t feel most of thembecause they are very weak.

Ben:

Yes, according to a study I read about earthquakes, almost amillion earthquakes occur around the globe every year, but more than 90% ofthese are not felt by humans, only by a seismograph.

Danny:

What’s a seismograph?

Ben:

Oh, a seismograph is an instrument for recording andmeasuring the strength of earthquakes.

Danny:

I see.

Ben:

So, according to that study, about 900,000 earthquakes occurevery year, but their magnitude is 2.5 or less, so we never feel them. We startto feel an earthquake when its magnitude is between 2.5 and 5.4, and about30,000 of these occur every year, but these earthquakes cause little or nodamage. It gets more serious when it reaches 5.5 to 6 and we have about 500 of theseevery year. An earthquake at that magnitude can cause slight damage tobuildings and other structures. Between 6.1 and 6.9, it is considered a strongearthquake and we have about a hundred of these every year. These can cause alot of damage in very populated areas. It becomes a major earthquake when itreaches 7.0 to 7.9 and we have about 20 of these every year; these can causereal damage. But when it reaches 8.0 and more, it is called a great earthquake,which happens once every 5-10 years, and this one can destroy communities nearits epicenter.

Danny:

Wow, you do know a lot about earthquakes, man.

Ben:

I’m just curious about things that happen on our planet.

Danny:

Since you know that much about earthquakes, which was the strongestearthquake recorded in history?

Ben:

Well, it’s the Valdivia earthquake in Chile in 1960. Itreached a magnitude of 9.4 to 9.6, but the worst earthquake ever recorded wasthe earthquake that happened in the Indian Ocean in 2004 and hit the coastline ofmany countries, but mostly Indonesia. It has the highest death toll in thehistory of earthquakes, 227,898 dead. That day was the day everyone in theworld knew the meaning of the word tsunami.

Danny:

Yes, I remember that fateful day. So, just to make sure our listenersknow what a tsunami is. A tsunami is a very large wave, often caused by anearthquake, that flows onto the land and destroys things. So, how about the translationsof earthquake.

Ben:

Yep. Earthquake in English is:

French: tremblement de terre

Spanish: terremoto

Italian: terremoto

German: Erdbeben

Portuguese: terremoto

Arabic: هزة أرضية

Danny:

Thank you, Ben. Now, we still have three natural disastersleft. I will ask you now. What do you call it when a large amount of water covers anarea which is usually dry, for example when a river flows over its banks or a pipebursts?

Ben:

Oh, you’re talking about a flood here. F L O O D, flood. Andyes, a flood can be small with no damages, except for some financial ones, whena pipe bursts for example, and it can be devastating causing the death of manypeople when a dam bursts causing a major flood, especially in rural areas andlow lands where people have literally nowhere to hide.

Danny:

That’s right.

Ben:

And flood in English is:

French: inondation

Spanish: inundación

Italian: inondazione

German: Flut

Portuguese: enchente

Arabic: فيضان

Danny:

That’s great! Now, another question for you, Ben. What is amountain from which hot melted rock, gas, steam, and ash from inside the Earthsometimes burst?

Ben:

Oh, I bet everyone knows about that; it’s a volcano, myfriend. V O L C A N O, volcano.

Danny:

But why do earthquakes kill more people than volcanoes, althoughvolcanoes are pure fire and ash and they really represent all the rage there isin nature?

Ben:

The answer is easy. We do have the technology today topredict the eruption of a volcano way ahead of when it happens, so we haveenough time to evacuate people from the area that will be affected by the volcano,but unfortunately, we still don’t have that technology to detect earthquakesbefore they happen with a reasonable amount of time to evacuate people from theepicenter. We usually detect an earthquake just before it occurs.

Danny:

Oh, I see. So, back to volcano, how do we say volcano indifferent languages?

Ben:

Well, volcano is:

French: volcan

Spanish: volcán

Italian: vulcano

German: Vulkan

Portuguese: vulcão

Arabic: بركان

Danny:

OK, and now for the last natural disaster we want to talkabout. What is a large mass of snow that falls down the side of a mountain?

Ben:

Oh, that usually happens when there is a steep slope with asnow cover and a weak layer of snow on top, and there should be a kind of atrigger to make that happen. You are talking about an avalanche. A V A L A N CH E, avalanche.

Danny:

That’s right. And sometimes, we use avalanche in ametaphorical way to talk about a very large quantity of things that all arriveor happen at the same time, such as an avalanche of questions, or tasks.

Ben:

That’s right. So, Avalanche in English is:

French: avalanche

Spanish: avalancha

Italian: valanga

German: Lawine

Portuguese: avalanche

Arabic: انهيار ثلجي

Danny:

Thank you very much, Ben for helping me out today. So, todaywe have learned about the following natural disasters: explosion, hurricane,earthquake, flood, volcano and avalanche, and don’t forget about the ones wetalked about in the last episode, famine, landslide, drought and epidemic. Thesewere the natural disasters we wanted to talk about. Remember that you can practicethese words by the end of the week with our interactive and downloadableactivities that will be available at the end of the week and will include allthe keywords we talk about during the week.

Also, do not forget that we will include the translations of the keywords we talked about today in 62 languages you will find along with the transcript of this episode if you click the link you can find in the description of the episode. This is Danny and Ben saying thank you very much for listening to another episode from Perfect English with Danny. We will see you in the next episode.

Translations into 62 languages

Englishexplosionhurricaneearthquakefloodvolcanoavalanche
Frenchexplosionouragantremblement de terreinondervolcanavalanche
Italianesplosioneuraganoterremotoalluvionevulcanovalanga
Spanishexplosiónhuracánterremotoinundarvolcánavalancha
GermanExplosionHurrikanErdbebenFlutVulkanLawine
Portugueseexplosãofuracãotremor de terrainundarvulcãoavalanche
Chinese爆炸飓风地震洪水火山雪崩
Japanese爆発ハリケーン地震洪水火山雪崩
Korean폭발허리케인지진홍수화산눈사태
Arabicانفجاراعصارزلزالفيضانبركانانهيار ثلجي
Afrikaansontploffingorkaanaardbewingvloedvulkaanstortvloed
albanianshpërthyesstuhitërmetpërmbytjevullkanortek
Azerbaijanipartlayışqasırğazəlzələdaşqınvulkanqar uçqunu
Basqueleherketaurakanlurrikarauholdesumendimendizale
Bengaliবিস্ফোরণহ্যারিকেনভূমিকম্পবন্যাআগ্নেয়গিরিধ্বস
Belarusianвыбухўраганземлятруспаводкавулканлавіна
Bulgarianексплозияураганземетресениенаводнениевулканлавина
Catalanexplosióhuracàterratrèmolinundacióvolcàallau
CroatianEksplozijauraganpotrespoplavavulkanlavina
Czechexplozehurikánzemětřesenízaplavitsopkalavina
Danisheksplosionorkanjordskælvoversvømmelsevulkanlavine
Dutchexplosieorkaanaardbevingoverstromingvulkaanlawine
Esperantoeksplodouraganotertremoinundovulkanolavango
Estonianplahvatusorkaanmaavärinüleujutusvulkaanlaviin
Filipinopagsabogbagyolindolbahabulkanpagguho ng yelo
FinnishräjähdysHurrikaanimaanjäristystulvatulivuorilumivyöry
Galicianexplosiónfuracánterremotoinundaciónvolcánavalancha
Georgianაფეთქებაქარიშხალიმიწისძვრაწყალდიდობისვულკანისზვავი
Greekέκρηξητυφώναςσεισμόςπλημμύραηφαίστειοχιονοστιβάδα
Gujaratiવિસ્ફોટહરિકેનભૂકંપપૂરજ્વાળામુખીહિમપ્રપાત
Haitian Creoleeksplozyonsiklòntranbleman tèinondasyonvòlkanlavalas
Hebrewפיצוץהוריקןרעידת אדמהמבולהר געשמפולת שלגים
Hindiविस्फोटतूफानभूकंपबाढ़ज्वर भाताहिमस्खलन
Hungarianrobbanáshurrikánföldrengésárvízvulkánlavina
IcelandicsprengingFellibylurjarðskjálftiflóðeldfjallsnjóflóð
Indonesianledakanbadaigempa bumibanjirgunung berapisalju longsor
IrishpléascadhInvestcrith talúntuilebolcánavalanche
Kannadaಸ್ಫೋಟಚಂಡಮಾರುತಭೂಕಂಪದಪ್ರವಾಹಜ್ವಾಲಾಮುಖಿಯಹಠಾತ್
LatinCREPITUStempestatismotusinundatioMONS IGNEUScadentem;
Latviansprādziensviesuļvētrazemestrīceplūdivulkānslavīna
Lithuaniansprogimasuraganasžemės drebėjimaspotvynisvulkanaslavina
Macedonianексплозијаураганземјотреспоплавивулканлавина
Malayletupantaufangempa bumibanjirgunung berapiruntuhan
Maltesesplużjoniuraganterremotgħargħarvulkanvalanga
Norwegianeksplosjonorkanjordskjelvoversvømmelsevulkansnøskred
Persianانفجارطوفانزمین لرزهسیلآتشفشانبهمن
Polishwybuchhuragantrzęsienie ziemipowódźwulkanlawina
Romanianexplozieuragancutremurpotopvulcanavalanşă
Russianвзрывураганземлетрясениенаводнениевулканлавина
Serbianексплозијаураганземљотреспоплававулканлавина
Slovakvýbuchhurikánzemetraseniepovodeňvulkánlavína
Slovenianeksplozijaorkanpotrespoplavvulkanavalanche
Swahilimlipukokimbungatetemeko la ardhimafurikovolkanoBanguko
Swedishexplosionorkanjordbävningöversvämningvulkanlavin
Tamilவெடிப்புசூறாவளிபூகம்பம்வெள்ளம்எரிமலைபனிச்சரிவு
Teluguపేలుడుహరికేన్భూకంపంవరదఅగ్నిపర్వతంఆకస్మిక
Thaiการระเบิดพายุเฮอริเคนแผ่นดินไหวน้ำท่วมภูเขาไฟหิมะถล่ม
Turkishpatlamakasırgadepremselvolkançığ
Ukranianвибухураганземлетрусповіньвулканлавина
Urduدھماکےسمندری طوفان کے لئےزلزلےسیلابآتش فشاںہمسھلن
Vietnamesetiếng nổbãođộng đấtnúi lửalở tuyết
WelshffrwydradcorwyntdaeargrynllifogyddllosgfynyddAvalanche
Yiddishיקספּלאָוזשאַןהוראַגאַןערד-ציטערנישמאַבלווולקאַןלאַווינע

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