The Arts and Literature - The Arts

This week, we will be talking about the arts and literature. We will discuss the different types of art, from literature to fine arts and performing arts, we will learn about artists and some details about literature.

In this episode, we will focus on the different types of art, literature, fine arts and performing arts.

Episode 140 – The Arts and Literature – The Arts Audio

Episode 140 – The Arts Transcript

Danny:

Welcome to a new episode from Perfect English with Danny.This week, we will talk about the arts and literature. We will learn words thatwill help us talk in more details about arts and literature. That will becovered in two episodes, and in the third episode of the week, I will read astory and discuss it with Joe, so we can get to learn English and enjoy a good storyat the same time.

I have been trying different formats for the podcast overthe past few weeks. I have gone all the way from having two episodes to twentyepisodes every week. And I have changed episode types and themes to get to whatworks best for the podcast. I have even sent out a survey to learn about whatyou my listeners think. I hope you are among the ones who participated in it.The result of all these trials, and the survey is that the best way to go forPerfect English with Danny Podcast is to have 3 episodes every week, on Monday,Wednesday and Friday. We will have a theme every week, which we will focus onin the first two episodes, in which we are going to learn new vocabulary wordsin context with real life examples and we will keep translating our keywords intoFrench, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Italian and Arabic in the episodes withthe full translations into 62 languages in the description of the episodes; thishas proved to be so useful to many listeners who find it easy to relate the newwords we learn here to their own native languages, and to be honest, I amenjoying it, too, as I am learning new words in different languages all thetime. So, the first two episodes of the week will be based on the theme wechoose every week, and we will use the last episode of the week to enjoy a goodstory, which may come from a short story, a novel or a film. We will learn newthings about the story, the language used and the things we can figure outbetween the lines.

I hope you find this model useful and fun enough for you to giveme some of your time to listen to the podcast. I promise I will do my best tomake the most of it. If you have any suggestions for the themes, or any otherthings you would like to listen to in this podcast, you can visit the podcastpage on my website www.dannyballan.comand send me your question. I always read questions and suggestions and reply assoon as I can.

Sorry about this long introduction today, we have our themefor this week to talk about, so let’s get to it. So, Joe, what do you thinkabout when we say the arts? What are the arts for you?

Joe:

Well, for me, anything creative you do is a kind of art. Itcan be done anywhere, in your boring office, you can be artistic if you like,in your daily routine, you can find ways to be creative and create some art.

Danny:

I can’t agree more. Art is all around us. All it takes is abit of creativity and imagination.

Joe:

Yes, that’s right, but of course when we talk about art in aformal sense, we have to be a little bit more specific.

Danny:

Yeah, that’s right. Actually, the arts can be divided intothree main groups, literature, fine arts and performing arts. When we sayliterature, what does that mean to you, Joe?

Joe:

Well, literature for me is books, plays, or poems that peoplethink are important and good.

Danny:

Exactly, and thank you for saying that people think areimportant, not critics or the so-called elite.

Joe:

No, definitely not, I mean you look at some forms of so-calledliterature today, which is smeared all over the place with this nonsense, nothingto talk about, no theme, no story, no emotions, nothing. And it is all like theNew Emperor’s New Clothes.

Danny:

What do you mean?

Joe:

You remember the story of the New Emperor’s New Clothes,when the two fashion frauds came along and convinced the Emperor that the clothesthey’re making are invisible to stupid people and people who are not fit foroffice, so nobody dared say that they couldn’t see the clothes including the emperorhimself. I mean who would do something that will prove he or she is stupid andnot fit for office. That led to the Emperor parading naked in front of hisloyal subjects, who did not dare say he was naked as well, all because theydidn’t want to be stupid and they even doubted themselves and their eyesbecause the great emperor himself sees these clothes as great.  

Danny:

All until a little innocent child tells the emperor that he isnaked.

Joe:

Yeah, and that is the common reader, which every story, poemor any other kind of literature should be written for, not for the snobbishelite, who would easily lie about the quality of a work to please someone elsein power. If you think about it, most of the time, it feels like we are theseloyal subjects that dare not say we do not like what we read, but we have alreadydecided to like it before we even read it. We wouldn’t want to be called stupid;you know.

Danny:

I know what you mean. For me, if literature does not touchyour heart in a clever but not superior way, and if it does not raise any questionsin your mind, it is not genuine literature.

Joe:

I agree. So our first word, literature is:

Portuguese: literatura

Spanish: literatura

French: littérature

German: Literatur

Italian: letteratura

Arabic: أدب

Danny:

It’s pretty much the same in all European languages.

Joe:

Yeah, now if we want to talk about what kind of writing isconsidered as literature, what do you think we have?

Danny:

Well, we have novels, short stories, poetry, drama and evenbiographies. These are all considered literature.

Joe:

Well, let’s start with novels. A novel is along-written story in which the characters and events are usually imaginary.

Danny:

Yes, it is fictional, which means the details in the storydo not have to real, but most of the time believable. However, the key thinghere is the length of the work and that is the difference between a novel and ashort story for example. A novel is obviously longer.

Joe:

How long should a story be to be called a novel?

Danny:

Well, this is not exactly written in stone, but usually anythingmore than 50,000 words is called a novel. That is about 150 pages or more.

Joe:

OK, any favorite novels?

Danny:

Well, I love Wuthering Heights by Emile Bronte. Well, that’sa classic. I also love Dan Brown’s novels, The Da Vinci Code, Angels and Demonsand Inferno. How about you, Joe?

Joe:

Well, I like reading classics, but not as much as you do, believeit or not, I like Harry Potter by J.K Rowling.

Danny:

Why wouldn’t I believe that? I love Harry Potter.

Joe:

You know since it’s supposed to be a novel series forteenagers, but I don’t care, I love it anyway.

Danny:

How about a Song of Ice and Fire by George Martin?

Joe:

What Song of Ice and Fire?

Danny:

Oh, it is known as Game of Thrones? Well, A Game of Throneswas actually one book in the series.

Joe:

Oh, I didn’t know that. I thought it was just Game ofThrones. Well, to be honest, I loved the TV series, but I hated the books. Thelanguage he used in the books was too much. I could understand the English he usedin his books, but he kept using big words unnecessarily. I felt it was a littlesuperior from him to do that, and I don’t like that kind of writing, but you knowthat’s my own opinion.

Danny:

Well, I can’t tell you what I think because I haven’t readthe books yet. But I agree with you about the TV series. I really like it.

Joe:

So, our word here is novel:

Portuguese: romance

Spanish: novela

French: roman

German: Roman

Italian: romanzo

Arabic: رواية

Danny:

So, what about the other kinds of literature, well we know whatnovel means, we have drama, which is a play for the theater, television,radio etc., usually a serious one, or we can use the word drama for plays ingeneral.

Joe:

And Drama is:

Portuguese: drama

Spanish: drama

French: drame

German: Drama

Italian: dramma

Arabic: دراما

Well, this is a word that is almost the same in all languages.

Danny:

And there is poetry as well, which is a kindof rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagerydesigned to appeal to our emotions and imagination.

Joe:

Yeah, like Shakespeare’s famous sonnet 18.

Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?

Thou are more lovely and more temperate.

Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,

And summer’s lease hath all too short a date.

Danny:

Yeah, that’s one of the most beautiful poems of all time.Poetry is the most sophisticated type of literature, and it was the beginningof literature, actually.

Joe:

Some say that Literature began with poetry andwill doubtless one day end with it.

Danny:

Yeah, but the problem we have today with poetry is thateverybody thinks he or she is a poet. And that doesn’t bother me because, youcould be your own poet, you have the right to express yourself in any way youlike and people may love it, and call you a poet, but the ugly thing startswhen this same person, who writes gibberish poetry, starts to attack those whowrite poetry that still has some meaning, purpose and feelings. They don’t wantto see this kind of poetry anymore. I wonder why.

Joe:

It’s easy, this kind of real poetry shows these clowns howpathetic their poems are, so if they can’t beat it, they might as well try tokill it.

Danny:

Yeah, you may be right. Anyway, I do respect all forms of humanexpression, as long as it is real and honest.

Joe:

So, Poetry is the word:

Portuguese: poesia

Spanish: poesía

French: poésie

German: Lyrik

Italian: poesia

Arabic: شعر

Danny:

Now, we said a biography is a kind of literature. Well abiography is a book that tells what has happened in someone’s life, written bysomeone else. If it is written by the same person whose life is what the book’sabout, we call it autobiography.

Joe:

So, biography is our word:

Portuguese: biografia

Spanish: biografía

French: biographie

German: Biografie

Italian: biografia

Arabic:ذاتية  سيرة

Danny:

We also have short stories, which are just like novels, butmuch shorter.

Joe:

Yeah, and a short story is:

Portuguese: conto

Spanish: cuento

French: nouvelle

German: Kurzgeschichte

Italian: racconto

Arabic: قصة قصيرة

Danny:

So, literature was one kind of the arts, we also have whatwe call the fine arts, which are forms of art, especially paintings orsculpture, that are produced and admired for their beauty and high quality.

Joe:

Yes, fine art is:

Portuguese: belas artes

Spanish: bellas artes

French: beaux-arts

German: bildende Kunst

Italian: belle arti

Arabic: الفنون الجميلة

Danny:

All right, the main types of fine arts are sculpture,painting and architecture.

Joe:

Well, sculpture is a work of art that is produced by carvingor shaping stone, wood, clay, or other materials. Like the famous works fromthe Renaissance period.

Danny:

Yeah, I mean you cannot think of sculpture and fail tomention Michelangelo, and his masterpiece, David among other great sculptures.

Joe:

Yeah, and from the modern era, there is also Auguste Rodin.I mean you cannot be anything but mesmerized when you see his famous sculpture,the thinker.

Danny:

Yes, that’s such a great work of art.

Joe:

So, sculpture in English is:

Portuguese: escultura

Spanish: escultura

French: sculpture

German: Skulptur

Italian: scultura

Arabic: النحت

Danny:

Ok, so now we come to painting, which is simply the activityof painting pictures. Any favorite painters, Joe?

Joe:

Yeah, I like Peter Paul Rubens, Da Vinci and Botticelli.

Danny:

Yes, the greatest painters of all time. I also love Gustav Klimtand Rene Magritte among many others. Have you ever seen original paintings in amuseum or some art gallery?

Joe:

Well, yes, I saw the Mona Lisa by Da Vinci, Liberty Leadingthe People by Eugene Delacroix, and the Raft of the Medusa by TheodoreGericault, and a lot of other great works of art. What about you, have you everseen original masterpieces like these.

Danny:

Well, just online. I haven’t had the chance to see any yet,but I would love to visit the Louvre some day and see all those great works ofart there.

Joe:

You will be mesmerized all day long. It is breathtaking. So,our word here is painting, it is:

Portuguese: pintura

Spanish: pintura

French: la peinture

German: Malerei

Italian: pittura

Arabic: الرسم

Danny:

All right, we also have architecture as a type of fine arts.Well, architecture is the art of planning, designing, and constructingbuildings. Besides that, the architecture of a building is the style in whichit is designed and constructed.

Joe:

Now away from the fine arts, we can also use that forcomputer programs, it can be used with the meaning of structure as well.

Danny:

That’s right. However, since our theme is the arts andliterature, we will be using it in this context. For example, we can say, ‘Almostevery visitor to Edinburgh is seduced by its splendid architecture.’

Joe:

So, our word is architecture; it is:

Portuguese: arquitetura

Spanish: arquitectura

French: architecture

German: Architektur

Italian: architettura

Arabic: فن العمارة

Danny:

So that leaves us with the third type of art, which is performingarts. We have theater, dance, cinema, ballet, opera, concerts and things likethat. They are all called performing arts.

Joe:

Have you ever been to a concert before?

Danny:

Yeah, I have been to many concerts, but the one I will neverforget is Luciano Pavarotti’s concert. I love classical music and opera, andPavarotti was my favorite opera singer. The concert tickets were very expensive.I remember I didn’t have much money left for the rest of the month, but it wasworth it. The concert was amazing.

Joe:

I have been to a couple of concerts as well, but I am not abig fan of opera and classical music. I like rock and pop more. I went to seethe Scorpions live in concert, and it was wild. I was with my girlfriend and weloved it.

Danny:

So, our word is concert, how do we say that in other languages?

Joe:

Well a concert is:

Portuguese: concerto musical

Spanish: concierto

French: concert

German: Konzert

Italian: concerto

Arabic: حفلة موسيقية

Danny:

So, the arts as a word covers everything from literature tofine arts and performing arts.

Joe:

Art as a singular uncountable noun like when we say, “Thisis art.”, or something like that, usually means fine art, but can also refer totechnique and creativity.  

Danny:

You can read the art pages in the paper, which is that partof the newspaper that deals with all the things we talked about from fine artto literature and performing arts.

Joe:

If someone loves painting and sculpture so much, we can callhim or her an art lover.

Danny:

We can also use the word art to mean creative ability, likewhen we say, “Shakespeare was skilled in the art of poetry.

Joe:

And if someone shows skill and imagination in creating things,we can call this person ‘artistic’. For example, ‘Ask Nicole to help youdecorate your room – she’s very artistic.’

Danny:

We also say a work of art or works of art in plural to referto an object or objects made by a skilled artist – typically a painting or a statue.

Joe:

We can also refer to the skill of making objects such as decorations,jewelery and furniture as the phrase arts and crafts.

Danny:

I guess that is good enough for today. We will continue nexttime with more about the arts, the artists and literature, so stay tuned anddon’t miss out on the opportunity to learn more about the arts and literature.

Joe:

We will be talking about sculptors, potters, architects, differentkinds of painting, and more details about literature, such as the words setting,plot, reviews, critics, publication and more, so make sure to spare some timeon your schedule for our next episode on Wednesday.

Danny: Thank you, Joe, and a big thanks to all our listeners for sticking with us in another episode from Perfect English with Danny. Don’t forget that you can find the full transcript of this episode and the full translations into 62 languages along with some interactive activities in the link that will take you to my website where you will find all these useful resources. Thanks again from Ben and me, happy learning. We’ll see you next time.

Episode 140 – Literature, Novel, Drama, Poetry Translations

Englishliteraturenoveldramapoetry
FrenchLittératureromandramepoésie
ItalianletteraturaromanzoDrammapoesia
Spanishliteraturanoveladramapoesía
GermanLiteraturRomanTheaterPoesie
Portugueseliteraturaromancedramapoesia
Chinese文献小说戏剧诗歌
Japanese文献小説ドラマ
Korean문학소설드라마
Arabicالأدبروايةدراماالشعر
Afrikaansliteratuurboekdramagedigte
albanianletërsinovelëdramëpoezi
AzerbaijaniədəbiyyatromanDramapoeziya
Basqueliteraturaeleberridramapoesia
Bengaliসাহিত্যউপন্যাসনাটককবিতা
Belarusianлітаратурарамандрамапаэзія
Bulgarianлитератураромандрамапоезия
Catalanliteraturanovel·ladramapoesia
Croatianknjiževnostromandramapoezija
Czechliteraturaromándramapoezie
Danishlitteraturromandramapoesi
Dutchliteratuurromandramapoëzie
Esperantoliteraturoromanodramopoezio
Estoniankirjandusuudnedraamaluule
Filipinopanitikannobeladramamga tula
Finnishkirjallisuusuusidraamarunous
Galicianliteraturanoveladramapoesía
Georgianლიტერატურარომანიდრამაპოეზია
GreekλογοτεχνίαμυθιστόρημαΔράμαποίηση
Gujaratiસાહિત્યનવલકથાનાટકકવિતા
Haitian Creoleliteratiromandrampwezi
Hebrewספרותרומןדרמהשירה
Hindiसाहित्यउपन्यासनाटककविता
Hungarianirodalomregénydrámaköltészet
Icelandicbókmenntirskáldsagaleiklistljóð
Indonesianliteraturnoveldramapuisi
Irishlitríochtúrscéaldrámaíochtfilíochta
Kannadaಸಾಹಿತ್ಯಕಾದಂಬರಿನಾಟಕಕವನ
LatinlitteraeRomanorumdramapoetica
Latvianliteratūranoveledrāmadzeja
Lithuanianliteratūranaujasdramapoezija
Macedonianлитератураромандрамапоезија
Malaykesusasteraannoveldramapuisi
Malteseletteraturaġdiddramapoeżija
Norwegianlitteraturromandramapoesi
Persianادبیاترماندرامشعر
Polishliteraturapowieśćdramatpoezja
Romanianliteraturăromandramăpoezie
Russianлитератураромандрамапоэзия
SerbianлитератураРомандрамапоезија
Slovakliteratúranovýdrámapoézie
Slovenianliteraturaromandramapoezija
Swahilifasihiriwayamchezo wa kuigizamashairi
Swedishlitteraturnydramapoesi
Tamilஇலக்கியம்நாவல்நாடகம்கவிதை
Teluguసాహిత్యంనవలడ్రామాకవిత్వం
Thaiวรรณกรรมนวนิยายละครบทกวี
TurkishEdebiyatyenidramşiir
UkranianлітератураРомандрамапоезія
Urduادبناولڈرامہشاعری
Vietnamesevăn chươngcuốn tiểu thuyếtkịchthơ phú
Welshllenyddiaethnofeldramabarddoniaeth
Yiddishליטעראַטורראָמאַןדראַמעפּאָעזיע

Episode 140 – Biography, Sculpture, Architecture, Theater Translations

Englishbiographysculpturearchitecturetheater
Frenchla biographiesculpturearchitecturethéâtre
ItalianbiografiasculturaarchitetturaTeatro
Spanishbiografíaesculturaarquitecturateatro
GermanBiografieSkulpturdie ArchitekturTheater
Portuguesebiografiaesculturaarquiteturateatro
Chinese雕塑建筑剧院
Japaneseバイオグラフィー彫刻建築劇場
Korean전기조각건축물극장
Arabicسيرة شخصيةنحتهندسة معماريةمسرح
Afrikaansbiografiebeeldhouwerkargitektuurteater
albanianbiografiskulpturëarkitekturëteatër
Azerbaijanitərcümeyi-halheykəltəraşlıqmemarlıqteatr
Basquebiografiaeskulturaarkitekturaantzerki
Bengaliজীবনীভাস্কর্যস্থাপত্যথিয়েটার
Belarusianбіяграфіяскульптураархітэктуратэатр
Bulgarianбиографияскулптураархитектуратеатър
Catalanbiografiaesculturaarquitecturateatre
Croatianbiografijaskulpturaarhitekturakazalište
Czechživotopissochařstvíarchitekturadivadlo
Danishbiografiskulpturarkitekturteater
Dutchbiografiebeeldhouwwerkarchitectuurtheater
Esperantobiografioskulptaĵoarkitekturoteatro
Estonianeluluguskulptuurarhitektuurteater
Filipinotalambuhayiskulturaarkitekturateatro
Finnishelämäkertaveistosarkkitehtuuriteatteri
GalicianBiografíaesculturaarquitecturateatro
Georgianბიოგრაფიაქანდაკებაარქიტექტურათეატრი
Greekβιογραφίαγλυπτικήαρχιτεκτονικήθέατρο
Gujaratiજીવનચરિત્રશિલ્પસ્થાપત્યથિયેટર
Haitian Creolebiyografieskiltiachitektiteyat
Hebrewביוגרפיהפיסולארכיטקטורהתיאטרון
Hindiजीवनीमूर्तिआर्किटेक्चरथिएटर
Hungarianéletrajzszoborépítészetszínház
IcelandicÆvisagaskúlptúrarkitektúrleikhús
IndonesianbiografipatungArsitekturteater
Irishbiographydealbhóireachtailtireachtamharclann
Kannadaಜೀವನಚರಿತ್ರೆಶಿಲ್ಪವಾಸ್ತುಶಿಲ್ಪರಂಗಭೂಮಿ
Latinbiographysculpturaarchitecturetheatrum
Latvianbiogrāfijaskulptūraarhitektūrateātris
Lithuanianbiografijaskulptūraarchitektūrateatras
Macedonianбиографијаскулптураархитектуратеатар
Malaybiografiarcaseni binateater
Maltesebijografijaskulturaarkitetturateatru
Norwegianbiografiskulpturarkitekturteater
Persianزندگینامهمجسمه سازیمعماریتئاتر
Polishbiografiarzeźbaarchitekturateatr
Romanianbiografiesculpturăarhitecturăteatru
Russianбиографияскульптураархитектуратеатр
Serbianбиографијаскулптураархитектуратеатар
Slovakživotopissochárstvoarchitektúradivadlo
Slovenianbiografijaskulpturaarhitekturagledališče
Swahiliwasifuuchongajiusanifuukumbi
Swedishbiografiskulpturarkitekturteater
Tamilசுயசரிதைசிற்பம்கட்டிடக்கலைதியேட்டர்
Teluguజీవిత చరిత్రశిల్పంనిర్మాణంథియేటర్
Thaiชีวประวัติประติมากรรมสถาปัตยกรรมโรงละคร
Turkishbiyografiheykelmimaritiyatro
Ukranianбіографіяскульптураархітектуратеатр
Urduسوانح عمریمجسمہفن تعمیرتھیٹر
Vietnamesetiểu sửđiêu khắckiến trúcrạp hát
Welshbywgraffiadcerflunwaithpensaernïaeththeatr
YiddishBiographyסקולפּטוראַרקאַטעקטשערטעאַטער

Episode 140 – Concert, Artistic, Fine Art Translations

Englishconcertartisticfine art
Frenchconcertartistiquebeaux-arts
Italianconcertoartisticobelle Arti
Spanishconciertoartísticoarte fino
GermanKonzertkünstlerischKunst
Portugueseshowartísticofine art
Chinese音乐会艺术的美术
Japaneseコンサート芸術的美術品
Korean음악회예술적인미술
Arabicحفلة موسيقيةفنيفن راقي
Afrikaanskonsertartistiekefyn kuns
albaniankoncertartistikArte te bukura
Azerbaijanikonsertbədiiincəsənət
Basquekontzertuaartistikoakarte ederra
Bengaliসঙ্গীতানুষ্ঠানশিল্পিসুলভচারুকলা
Belarusianканцэртмастацківыяўленчае мастацтва
Bulgarianконцертартистиченизящно изкуство
Catalanconcertartísticobres d’art
Croatiankoncertumjetničkilijepa umjetnost
Czechkoncertuměleckývýtvarné umění
Danishkoncertkunstneriskfin kunst
Dutchconcertartistiekbeeldende kunst
Esperantokoncertoartajfajna arto
Estoniankontsertkunstilinekaunid kunstid
Filipinokonsiyertomasiningfine art
Finnishkonserttitaiteellinentaide
GalicianconcertoartísticoBelas Artes
Georgianკონცერტიმხატვრულისახვითი ხელოვნების
Greekσυναυλίακαλλιτεχνικόςκαλές τέχνες
Gujaratiકોન્સર્ટકલાત્મકકળા
Haitian Creolekonsèatistikatizay amann
Hebrewקונצרטאמנותיאומנות גבוהה
Hindiसंगीत कार्यक्रमकलात्मककला
Hungariankoncertművészetiszépművészet
Icelandictónleikarlistrænnfínn list
Indonesiankonserartistikseni rupa
Irishceolchoirmealaíontamhínealaíne
Kannadaಸಂಗೀತಕಲಾತ್ಮಕಲಲಿತ ಕಲೆ
Latinconsulereartiumpulchra ars
Latviankoncertsmākslastēlotājmāksla
Lithuaniankoncertasmeninisdailės
Macedonianконцертуметничкаликовната уметност
Malaykonsertseniseni halus
Maltesekunċertartistikumulta art
Norwegiankonsertkunstneriskfin kunst
Persianکنسرتهنرمندانههنرهای زیبا
PolishkoncertartystycznySztuki piękne
Romanianconcertartisticarta
RussianконцертхудожественныйИзобразительное искусство
SerbianконцертуметничкиЛепа уметност
Slovakkoncertumeleckývýtvarné umenie
Sloveniankoncertumetniškilikovne
Swahilitamashasanaasanaa faini
Swedishkonsertkonstnärligkonst
Tamilகச்சேரிகலைநுண்கலை
Teluguకచేరీకళాత్మకఅందమైన కళ
Thaiคอนเสิร์ตศิลปะวิจิตรศิลป์
Turkishkonserartistikgüzel Sanatlar
Ukranianконцертхудожнійобразотворче мистецтво
Urduکنسرٹفنکارانہفنون لطیفہ
Vietnamesebuổi hòa nhạcnghệ thuậtMỹ nghệ
Welshcyngerddartistigcelfyddyd gain
Yiddishקאָנצערטאַרטיסטישעגוטע מאלעריי

The Arts and Literature Interactive Activities

The Arts and Literature PDF Downloadable Activities

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