Everyone knows the most common way to make singular words plural in English; all you need is just to add an -s, but does it work with all nouns in English. How about bus? Can you say buss is the plural form of bus? But that is not all, there is a lot to regular and irregular plurals than meets the eye. We have nouns that do not change at all and we have other words that change dramatically, besides the cases where we need to decide whether an -s is enough to make plurals or an -es is required.
Listen to the podcast and learn all about it and while you are listening, you can check the information below or keep it for later to use as a reference.
Regular and Irregular Plurals Podcast
Regular and Irregular Plurals Reference Questions
Most English nouns are. For example, song — songs
nouns that end in -sh, –ch, -s, -z, and -x.
For example, box —boxes
We do that when the -y is preceded by a consonant.
For example, baby — babies.
However, if the -y is precede by a vowel, we just add an -s.
For example, boy — boys.
man — men
woman — women
child — children
ox — oxen
foot — feet
goose — geese
tooth — teeth
mouse — mice
louse — lice
echoes | potatoes | tomatoes | heroes
autos | ghettos | kangaroos | kilos | memos | photos | pianos | radios | solos | sopranos | studios | tattoos | videos
mementoes/s | mosquitoes/s | tornadoes/s | volcanoes/s | zeroes/s
calf — calves | half — halves | knife — knives|leaf — leaves | life — lives | loaf — loaves | self — selves | shelf — shelves | thief — thieves | wolf — wolves | scarf — scarves/scarfs
belief — beliefs | chief — chiefs | cliff — cliffs | roof — roofs
deer | fish | means | offspring | series | sheep | shrimp | species
– criterion — criteria | phenomenon — phenomena
– cactus — cacti | fungus — fungi | nucleus — nuclei | stimulus — stimuli | syllabus — syllabi
– formula — formulae/formulas | vertebra — vertebrae
– appendix — appendices/appendixes | index — indices/indexes
– analysis — analyses | basis — bases | crisis — crises | hypothesis — hypotheses| oasis — oases | parenthesis — parentheses | thesis — theses
– bacterium — bacteria | curriculum — curricula | datum — | medium — media | memorandum — memoranda