This week, we will be talking about the arts and literature. We will discuss the different types of art, from literature to fine arts and performing arts, we will learn about artists and some details about literature.

In this episode, we will focus on the different types of art, literature, fine arts and performing arts.

Episode 140 – The Arts and Literature – The Arts Audio

Episode 140 – The Arts Transcript

Danny:

Welcome to a new episode from Perfect English with Danny. This week, we will talk about the arts and literature. We will learn words that will help us talk in more details about arts and literature. That will be covered in two episodes, and in the third episode of the week, I will read a story and discuss it with Joe, so we can get to learn English and enjoy a good story at the same time.

I have been trying different formats for the podcast over the past few weeks. I have gone all the way from having two episodes to twenty episodes every week. And I have changed episode types and themes to get to what works best for the podcast. I have even sent out a survey to learn about what you my listeners think. I hope you are among the ones who participated in it. The result of all these trials, and the survey is that the best way to go for Perfect English with Danny Podcast is to have 3 episodes every week, on Monday, Wednesday and Friday. We will have a theme every week, which we will focus on in the first two episodes, in which we are going to learn new vocabulary words in context with real life examples and we will keep translating our keywords into French, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Italian and Arabic in the episodes with the full translations into 62 languages in the description of the episodes; this has proved to be so useful to many listeners who find it easy to relate the new words we learn here to their own native languages, and to be honest, I am enjoying it, too, as I am learning new words in different languages all the time. So, the first two episodes of the week will be based on the theme we choose every week, and we will use the last episode of the week to enjoy a good story, which may come from a short story, a novel or a film. We will learn new things about the story, the language used and the things we can figure out between the lines.

I hope you find this model useful and fun enough for you to give me some of your time to listen to the podcast. I promise I will do my best to make the most of it. If you have any suggestions for the themes, or any other things you would like to listen to in this podcast, you can visit the podcast page on my website www.dannyballan.com and send me your question. I always read questions and suggestions and reply as soon as I can.

Sorry about this long introduction today, we have our theme for this week to talk about, so let’s get to it. So, Joe, what do you think about when we say the arts? What are the arts for you?

Joe:

Well, for me, anything creative you do is a kind of art. It can be done anywhere, in your boring office, you can be artistic if you like, in your daily routine, you can find ways to be creative and create some art.

Danny:

I can’t agree more. Art is all around us. All it takes is a bit of creativity and imagination.

Joe:

Yes, that’s right, but of course when we talk about art in a formal sense, we have to be a little bit more specific.

Danny:

Yeah, that’s right. Actually, the arts can be divided into three main groups, literature, fine arts and performing arts. When we say literature, what does that mean to you, Joe?

Joe:

Well, literature for me is books, plays, or poems that people think are important and good.

Danny:

Exactly, and thank you for saying that people think are important, not critics or the so-called elite.

Joe:

No, definitely not, I mean you look at some forms of so-called literature today, which is smeared all over the place with this nonsense, nothing to talk about, no theme, no story, no emotions, nothing. And it is all like the New Emperor’s New Clothes.

Danny:

What do you mean?

Joe:

You remember the story of the New Emperor’s New Clothes, when the two fashion frauds came along and convinced the Emperor that the clothes they’re making are invisible to stupid people and people who are not fit for office, so nobody dared say that they couldn’t see the clothes including the emperor himself. I mean who would do something that will prove he or she is stupid and not fit for office. That led to the Emperor parading naked in front of his loyal subjects, who did not dare say he was naked as well, all because they didn’t want to be stupid and they even doubted themselves and their eyes because the great emperor himself sees these clothes as great.  

Danny:

All until a little innocent child tells the emperor that he is naked.

Joe:

Yeah, and that is the common reader, which every story, poem or any other kind of literature should be written for, not for the snobbish elite, who would easily lie about the quality of a work to please someone else in power. If you think about it, most of the time, it feels like we are these loyal subjects that dare not say we do not like what we read, but we have already decided to like it before we even read it. We wouldn’t want to be called stupid; you know.

Danny:

I know what you mean. For me, if literature does not touch your heart in a clever but not superior way, and if it does not raise any questions in your mind, it is not genuine literature.

Joe:

I agree. So our first word, literature is:

Portuguese: literatura

Spanish: literatura

French: littérature

German: Literatur

Italian: letteratura

Arabic: أدب

Danny:

It’s pretty much the same in all European languages.

Joe:

Yeah, now if we want to talk about what kind of writing is considered as literature, what do you think we have?

Danny:

Well, we have novels, short stories, poetry, drama and even biographies. These are all considered literature.

Joe:

Well, let’s start with novels. A novel is a long-written story in which the characters and events are usually imaginary.

Danny:

Yes, it is fictional, which means the details in the story do not have to real, but most of the time believable. However, the key thing here is the length of the work and that is the difference between a novel and a short story for example. A novel is obviously longer.

Joe:

How long should a story be to be called a novel?

Danny:

Well, this is not exactly written in stone, but usually anything more than 50,000 words is called a novel. That is about 150 pages or more.

Joe:

OK, any favorite novels?

Danny:

Well, I love Wuthering Heights by Emile Bronte. Well, that’s a classic. I also love Dan Brown’s novels, The Da Vinci Code, Angels and Demons and Inferno. How about you, Joe?

Joe:

Well, I like reading classics, but not as much as you do, believe it or not, I like Harry Potter by J.K Rowling.

Danny:

Why wouldn’t I believe that? I love Harry Potter.

Joe:

You know since it’s supposed to be a novel series for teenagers, but I don’t care, I love it anyway.

Danny:

How about a Song of Ice and Fire by George Martin?

Joe:

What Song of Ice and Fire?

Danny:

Oh, it is known as Game of Thrones? Well, A Game of Thrones was actually one book in the series.

Joe:

Oh, I didn’t know that. I thought it was just Game of Thrones. Well, to be honest, I loved the TV series, but I hated the books. The language he used in the books was too much. I could understand the English he used in his books, but he kept using big words unnecessarily. I felt it was a little superior from him to do that, and I don’t like that kind of writing, but you know that’s my own opinion.

Danny:

Well, I can’t tell you what I think because I haven’t read the books yet. But I agree with you about the TV series. I really like it.

Joe:

So, our word here is novel:

Portuguese: romance

Spanish: novela

French: roman

German: Roman

Italian: romanzo

Arabic: رواية

Danny:

So, what about the other kinds of literature, well we know what novel means, we have drama, which is a play for the theater, television, radio etc., usually a serious one, or we can use the word drama for plays in general.

Joe:

And Drama is:

Portuguese: drama

Spanish: drama

French: drame

German: Drama

Italian: dramma

Arabic: دراما

Well, this is a word that is almost the same in all languages.

Danny:

And there is poetry as well, which is a kind of rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery designed to appeal to our emotions and imagination.

Joe:

Yeah, like Shakespeare’s famous sonnet 18.

Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?

Thou are more lovely and more temperate.

Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,

And summer’s lease hath all too short a date.

Danny:

Yeah, that’s one of the most beautiful poems of all time. Poetry is the most sophisticated type of literature, and it was the beginning of literature, actually.

Joe:

Some say that Literature began with poetry and will doubtless one day end with it.

Danny:

Yeah, but the problem we have today with poetry is that everybody thinks he or she is a poet. And that doesn’t bother me because, you could be your own poet, you have the right to express yourself in any way you like and people may love it, and call you a poet, but the ugly thing starts when this same person, who writes gibberish poetry, starts to attack those who write poetry that still has some meaning, purpose and feelings. They don’t want to see this kind of poetry anymore. I wonder why.

Joe:

It’s easy, this kind of real poetry shows these clowns how pathetic their poems are, so if they can’t beat it, they might as well try to kill it.

Danny:

Yeah, you may be right. Anyway, I do respect all forms of human expression, as long as it is real and honest.

Joe:

So, Poetry is the word:

Portuguese: poesia

Spanish: poesía

French: poésie

German: Lyrik

Italian: poesia

Arabic: شعر

Danny:

Now, we said a biography is a kind of literature. Well a biography is a book that tells what has happened in someone’s life, written by someone else. If it is written by the same person whose life is what the book’s about, we call it autobiography.

Joe:

So, biography is our word:

Portuguese: biografia

Spanish: biografía

French: biographie

German: Biografie

Italian: biografia

Arabic:ذاتية  سيرة

Danny:

We also have short stories, which are just like novels, but much shorter.

Joe:

Yeah, and a short story is:

Portuguese: conto

Spanish: cuento

French: nouvelle

German: Kurzgeschichte

Italian: racconto

Arabic: قصة قصيرة

Danny:

So, literature was one kind of the arts, we also have what we call the fine arts, which are forms of art, especially paintings or sculpture, that are produced and admired for their beauty and high quality.

Joe:

Yes, fine art is:

Portuguese: belas artes

Spanish: bellas artes

French: beaux-arts

German: bildende Kunst

Italian: belle arti

Arabic: الفنون الجميلة

Danny:

All right, the main types of fine arts are sculpture, painting and architecture.

Joe:

Well, sculpture is a work of art that is produced by carving or shaping stone, wood, clay, or other materials. Like the famous works from the Renaissance period.

Danny:

Yeah, I mean you cannot think of sculpture and fail to mention Michelangelo, and his masterpiece, David among other great sculptures.

Joe:

Yeah, and from the modern era, there is also Auguste Rodin. I mean you cannot be anything but mesmerized when you see his famous sculpture, the thinker.

Danny:

Yes, that’s such a great work of art.

Joe:

So, sculpture in English is:

Portuguese: escultura

Spanish: escultura

French: sculpture

German: Skulptur

Italian: scultura

Arabic: النحت

Danny:

Ok, so now we come to painting, which is simply the activity of painting pictures. Any favorite painters, Joe?

Joe:

Yeah, I like Peter Paul Rubens, Da Vinci and Botticelli.

Danny:

Yes, the greatest painters of all time. I also love Gustav Klimt and Rene Magritte among many others. Have you ever seen original paintings in a museum or some art gallery?

Joe:

Well, yes, I saw the Mona Lisa by Da Vinci, Liberty Leading the People by Eugene Delacroix, and the Raft of the Medusa by Theodore Gericault, and a lot of other great works of art. What about you, have you ever seen original masterpieces like these.

Danny:

Well, just online. I haven’t had the chance to see any yet, but I would love to visit the Louvre some day and see all those great works of art there.

Joe:

You will be mesmerized all day long. It is breathtaking. So, our word here is painting, it is:

Portuguese: pintura

Spanish: pintura

French: la peinture

German: Malerei

Italian: pittura

Arabic: الرسم

Danny:

All right, we also have architecture as a type of fine arts. Well, architecture is the art of planning, designing, and constructing buildings. Besides that, the architecture of a building is the style in which it is designed and constructed.

Joe:

Now away from the fine arts, we can also use that for computer programs, it can be used with the meaning of structure as well.

Danny:

That’s right. However, since our theme is the arts and literature, we will be using it in this context. For example, we can say, ‘Almost every visitor to Edinburgh is seduced by its splendid architecture.’

Joe:

So, our word is architecture; it is:

Portuguese: arquitetura

Spanish: arquitectura

French: architecture

German: Architektur

Italian: architettura

Arabic: فن العمارة

Danny:

So that leaves us with the third type of art, which is performing arts. We have theater, dance, cinema, ballet, opera, concerts and things like that. They are all called performing arts.

Joe:

Have you ever been to a concert before?

Danny:

Yeah, I have been to many concerts, but the one I will never forget is Luciano Pavarotti’s concert. I love classical music and opera, and Pavarotti was my favorite opera singer. The concert tickets were very expensive. I remember I didn’t have much money left for the rest of the month, but it was worth it. The concert was amazing.

Joe:

I have been to a couple of concerts as well, but I am not a big fan of opera and classical music. I like rock and pop more. I went to see the Scorpions live in concert, and it was wild. I was with my girlfriend and we loved it.

Danny:

So, our word is concert, how do we say that in other languages?

Joe:

Well a concert is:

Portuguese: concerto musical

Spanish: concierto

French: concert

German: Konzert

Italian: concerto

Arabic: حفلة موسيقية

Danny:

So, the arts as a word covers everything from literature to fine arts and performing arts.

Joe:

Art as a singular uncountable noun like when we say, “This is art.”, or something like that, usually means fine art, but can also refer to technique and creativity.  

Danny:

You can read the art pages in the paper, which is that part of the newspaper that deals with all the things we talked about from fine art to literature and performing arts.

Joe:

If someone loves painting and sculpture so much, we can call him or her an art lover.

Danny:

We can also use the word art to mean creative ability, like when we say, “Shakespeare was skilled in the art of poetry.

Joe:

And if someone shows skill and imagination in creating things, we can call this person ‘artistic’. For example, ‘Ask Nicole to help you decorate your room – she’s very artistic.’

Danny:

We also say a work of art or works of art in plural to refer to an object or objects made by a skilled artist – typically a painting or a statue.

Joe:

We can also refer to the skill of making objects such as decorations, jewelery and furniture as the phrase arts and crafts.

Danny:

I guess that is good enough for today. We will continue next time with more about the arts, the artists and literature, so stay tuned and don’t miss out on the opportunity to learn more about the arts and literature.

Joe:

We will be talking about sculptors, potters, architects, different kinds of painting, and more details about literature, such as the words setting, plot, reviews, critics, publication and more, so make sure to spare some time on your schedule for our next episode on Wednesday.

Danny: Thank you, Joe, and a big thanks to all our listeners for sticking with us in another episode from Perfect English with Danny. Don’t forget that you can find the full transcript of this episode and the full translations into 62 languages along with some interactive activities in the link that will take you to my website where you will find all these useful resources. Thanks again from Ben and me, happy learning. We’ll see you next time.

Episode 140 – Literature, Novel, Drama, Poetry Translations

Englishliteraturenoveldramapoetry
FrenchLittératureromandramepoésie
ItalianletteraturaromanzoDrammapoesia
Spanishliteraturanoveladramapoesía
GermanLiteraturRomanTheaterPoesie
Portugueseliteraturaromancedramapoesia
Chinese文献小说戏剧诗歌
Japanese文献小説ドラマ
Korean문학소설드라마
Arabicالأدبروايةدراماالشعر
Afrikaansliteratuurboekdramagedigte
albanianletërsinovelëdramëpoezi
AzerbaijaniədəbiyyatromanDramapoeziya
Basqueliteraturaeleberridramapoesia
Bengaliসাহিত্যউপন্যাসনাটককবিতা
Belarusianлітаратурарамандрамапаэзія
Bulgarianлитератураромандрамапоезия
Catalanliteraturanovel·ladramapoesia
Croatianknjiževnostromandramapoezija
Czechliteraturaromándramapoezie
Danishlitteraturromandramapoesi
Dutchliteratuurromandramapoëzie
Esperantoliteraturoromanodramopoezio
Estoniankirjandusuudnedraamaluule
Filipinopanitikannobeladramamga tula
Finnishkirjallisuusuusidraamarunous
Galicianliteraturanoveladramapoesía
Georgianლიტერატურარომანიდრამაპოეზია
GreekλογοτεχνίαμυθιστόρημαΔράμαποίηση
Gujaratiસાહિત્યનવલકથાનાટકકવિતા
Haitian Creoleliteratiromandrampwezi
Hebrewספרותרומןדרמהשירה
Hindiसाहित्यउपन्यासनाटककविता
Hungarianirodalomregénydrámaköltészet
Icelandicbókmenntirskáldsagaleiklistljóð
Indonesianliteraturnoveldramapuisi
Irishlitríochtúrscéaldrámaíochtfilíochta
Kannadaಸಾಹಿತ್ಯಕಾದಂಬರಿನಾಟಕಕವನ
LatinlitteraeRomanorumdramapoetica
Latvianliteratūranoveledrāmadzeja
Lithuanianliteratūranaujasdramapoezija
Macedonianлитератураромандрамапоезија
Malaykesusasteraannoveldramapuisi
Malteseletteraturaġdiddramapoeżija
Norwegianlitteraturromandramapoesi
Persianادبیاترماندرامشعر
Polishliteraturapowieśćdramatpoezja
Romanianliteraturăromandramăpoezie
Russianлитератураромандрамапоэзия
SerbianлитератураРомандрамапоезија
Slovakliteratúranovýdrámapoézie
Slovenianliteraturaromandramapoezija
Swahilifasihiriwayamchezo wa kuigizamashairi
Swedishlitteraturnydramapoesi
Tamilஇலக்கியம்நாவல்நாடகம்கவிதை
Teluguసాహిత్యంనవలడ్రామాకవిత్వం
Thaiวรรณกรรมนวนิยายละครบทกวี
TurkishEdebiyatyenidramşiir
UkranianлітератураРомандрамапоезія
Urduادبناولڈرامہشاعری
Vietnamesevăn chươngcuốn tiểu thuyếtkịchthơ phú
Welshllenyddiaethnofeldramabarddoniaeth
Yiddishליטעראַטורראָמאַןדראַמעפּאָעזיע

Episode 140 – Biography, Sculpture, Architecture, Theater Translations

Englishbiographysculpturearchitecturetheater
Frenchla biographiesculpturearchitecturethéâtre
ItalianbiografiasculturaarchitetturaTeatro
Spanishbiografíaesculturaarquitecturateatro
GermanBiografieSkulpturdie ArchitekturTheater
Portuguesebiografiaesculturaarquiteturateatro
Chinese雕塑建筑剧院
Japaneseバイオグラフィー彫刻建築劇場
Korean전기조각건축물극장
Arabicسيرة شخصيةنحتهندسة معماريةمسرح
Afrikaansbiografiebeeldhouwerkargitektuurteater
albanianbiografiskulpturëarkitekturëteatër
Azerbaijanitərcümeyi-halheykəltəraşlıqmemarlıqteatr
Basquebiografiaeskulturaarkitekturaantzerki
Bengaliজীবনীভাস্কর্যস্থাপত্যথিয়েটার
Belarusianбіяграфіяскульптураархітэктуратэатр
Bulgarianбиографияскулптураархитектуратеатър
Catalanbiografiaesculturaarquitecturateatre
Croatianbiografijaskulpturaarhitekturakazalište
Czechživotopissochařstvíarchitekturadivadlo
Danishbiografiskulpturarkitekturteater
Dutchbiografiebeeldhouwwerkarchitectuurtheater
Esperantobiografioskulptaĵoarkitekturoteatro
Estonianeluluguskulptuurarhitektuurteater
Filipinotalambuhayiskulturaarkitekturateatro
Finnishelämäkertaveistosarkkitehtuuriteatteri
GalicianBiografíaesculturaarquitecturateatro
Georgianბიოგრაფიაქანდაკებაარქიტექტურათეატრი
Greekβιογραφίαγλυπτικήαρχιτεκτονικήθέατρο
Gujaratiજીવનચરિત્રશિલ્પસ્થાપત્યથિયેટર
Haitian Creolebiyografieskiltiachitektiteyat
Hebrewביוגרפיהפיסולארכיטקטורהתיאטרון
Hindiजीवनीमूर्तिआर्किटेक्चरथिएटर
Hungarianéletrajzszoborépítészetszínház
IcelandicÆvisagaskúlptúrarkitektúrleikhús
IndonesianbiografipatungArsitekturteater
Irishbiographydealbhóireachtailtireachtamharclann
Kannadaಜೀವನಚರಿತ್ರೆಶಿಲ್ಪವಾಸ್ತುಶಿಲ್ಪರಂಗಭೂಮಿ
Latinbiographysculpturaarchitecturetheatrum
Latvianbiogrāfijaskulptūraarhitektūrateātris
Lithuanianbiografijaskulptūraarchitektūrateatras
Macedonianбиографијаскулптураархитектуратеатар
Malaybiografiarcaseni binateater
Maltesebijografijaskulturaarkitetturateatru
Norwegianbiografiskulpturarkitekturteater
Persianزندگینامهمجسمه سازیمعماریتئاتر
Polishbiografiarzeźbaarchitekturateatr
Romanianbiografiesculpturăarhitecturăteatru
Russianбиографияскульптураархитектуратеатр
Serbianбиографијаскулптураархитектуратеатар
Slovakživotopissochárstvoarchitektúradivadlo
Slovenianbiografijaskulpturaarhitekturagledališče
Swahiliwasifuuchongajiusanifuukumbi
Swedishbiografiskulpturarkitekturteater
Tamilசுயசரிதைசிற்பம்கட்டிடக்கலைதியேட்டர்
Teluguజీవిత చరిత్రశిల్పంనిర్మాణంథియేటర్
Thaiชีวประวัติประติมากรรมสถาปัตยกรรมโรงละคร
Turkishbiyografiheykelmimaritiyatro
Ukranianбіографіяскульптураархітектуратеатр
Urduسوانح عمریمجسمہفن تعمیرتھیٹر
Vietnamesetiểu sửđiêu khắckiến trúcrạp hát
Welshbywgraffiadcerflunwaithpensaernïaeththeatr
YiddishBiographyסקולפּטוראַרקאַטעקטשערטעאַטער

Episode 140 – Concert, Artistic, Fine Art Translations

Englishconcertartisticfine art
Frenchconcertartistiquebeaux-arts
Italianconcertoartisticobelle Arti
Spanishconciertoartísticoarte fino
GermanKonzertkünstlerischKunst
Portugueseshowartísticofine art
Chinese音乐会艺术的美术
Japaneseコンサート芸術的美術品
Korean음악회예술적인미술
Arabicحفلة موسيقيةفنيفن راقي
Afrikaanskonsertartistiekefyn kuns
albaniankoncertartistikArte te bukura
Azerbaijanikonsertbədiiincəsənət
Basquekontzertuaartistikoakarte ederra
Bengaliসঙ্গীতানুষ্ঠানশিল্পিসুলভচারুকলা
Belarusianканцэртмастацківыяўленчае мастацтва
Bulgarianконцертартистиченизящно изкуство
Catalanconcertartísticobres d’art
Croatiankoncertumjetničkilijepa umjetnost
Czechkoncertuměleckývýtvarné umění
Danishkoncertkunstneriskfin kunst
Dutchconcertartistiekbeeldende kunst
Esperantokoncertoartajfajna arto
Estoniankontsertkunstilinekaunid kunstid
Filipinokonsiyertomasiningfine art
Finnishkonserttitaiteellinentaide
GalicianconcertoartísticoBelas Artes
Georgianკონცერტიმხატვრულისახვითი ხელოვნების
Greekσυναυλίακαλλιτεχνικόςκαλές τέχνες
Gujaratiકોન્સર્ટકલાત્મકકળા
Haitian Creolekonsèatistikatizay amann
Hebrewקונצרטאמנותיאומנות גבוהה
Hindiसंगीत कार्यक्रमकलात्मककला
Hungariankoncertművészetiszépművészet
Icelandictónleikarlistrænnfínn list
Indonesiankonserartistikseni rupa
Irishceolchoirmealaíontamhínealaíne
Kannadaಸಂಗೀತಕಲಾತ್ಮಕಲಲಿತ ಕಲೆ
Latinconsulereartiumpulchra ars
Latviankoncertsmākslastēlotājmāksla
Lithuaniankoncertasmeninisdailės
Macedonianконцертуметничкаликовната уметност
Malaykonsertseniseni halus
Maltesekunċertartistikumulta art
Norwegiankonsertkunstneriskfin kunst
Persianکنسرتهنرمندانههنرهای زیبا
PolishkoncertartystycznySztuki piękne
Romanianconcertartisticarta
RussianконцертхудожественныйИзобразительное искусство
SerbianконцертуметничкиЛепа уметност
Slovakkoncertumeleckývýtvarné umenie
Sloveniankoncertumetniškilikovne
Swahilitamashasanaasanaa faini
Swedishkonsertkonstnärligkonst
Tamilகச்சேரிகலைநுண்கலை
Teluguకచేరీకళాత్మకఅందమైన కళ
Thaiคอนเสิร์ตศิลปะวิจิตรศิลป์
Turkishkonserartistikgüzel Sanatlar
Ukranianконцертхудожнійобразотворче мистецтво
Urduکنسرٹفنکارانہفنون لطیفہ
Vietnamesebuổi hòa nhạcnghệ thuậtMỹ nghệ
Welshcyngerddartistigcelfyddyd gain
Yiddishקאָנצערטאַרטיסטישעגוטע מאלעריי

The Arts and Literature Interactive Activities

The Arts and Literature PDF Downloadable Activities

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