|In Vocabulary Builder 17 | Mammoth Cave episode, you will learn the words: dynasty, foretaste, germinate, humdrum, hurtle, insinuate, interminable, interrogate, recompense, renovate, resume, sullen, trickle, trivial, truce, and vicious.|
|adjacent||(adj.) near, next to, adjoining|
|alight||(v.) to get down from, step down from; to come down from the air, land; (adj.) lighted up|
|barren||(adj.) not productive, bare|
|disrupt||(v.) to break up, disturb.|
|dynasty||(n.) a powerful family or group of rulers that maintains its position or power for some time|
|foretaste||(n.) an advance indication, sample, or warning|
|germinate||(v.) to begin to grow, come into being|
|humdrum||(adj.) ordinary, dull, routine, without variation|
|hurtle||(v.) to rush violently, dash headlong; to fling or hurl forcefully|
|insinuate||(v.) to suggest or hint slyly; to edge into something indirectly|
|interminable||(adj.) endless, so long as to seem endless|
|interrogate||(v.) to ask questions, examine by questioning|
|recompense||(v) to pay back; to give a reward; (n) a payment for loss, service, or injury.|
|renovate||(v.) to repair, restore to good condition, make new again|
|resume||(n.) a brief summary; a short written account of one’s education, working experience, or qualifications for a job|
|sullen||(adj) silent or brooding because of ill humor, anger, or resentment; slow moving, sluggish|
|trickle||(v.) to flow or fall by drops or in a small stream; (n.) a small, irregular quantity of anything|
|trivial||(adj.) not important, minor; ordinary, commonplace|
|truce||(n.) a pause in fighting, temporary peace|
|vicious||(adj.) evil, bad; spiteful; having bad habits or an ugly disposition; painfully severe or extreme|
Disclaimer: I am using an automatic transcript service as it is not possible for me to do it on my own and I cannot afford human transcription at the moment. The service claims to have about 95% accuracy, which means there will still be some mistakes, so my apologies for having a less than perfect transcript, but I hope I can afford human transcription soon and this problem will be solved. However, the service is pretty good and the transcript will prove to be almost perfect.
Welcome to a new episode from English plus podcast. In today’s episode, we’re going to learn a few words and we’re going to learn these words in context, through a story and a very special story about underground majesty. So without further ado, let’s start with the story underground majesty. The Hill country midway between Nashville and Louisville along interstate 65 looks like much of the land in rural America.
[00:00:37] It’s landforms are typical of vistas. You will see in Tennessee, Kentucky and the surrounding States, yet there is nothing humdrum about what lurks beneath those ridges Bluffs and streams. Four underneath the old growth forest of black Oak Beech sugar, maple tulip, Poplar, and Hickory lies. The world’s longest cave system, mammoth cave with its seemingly interminable.
[00:01:06] Number of underground passageways and rooms. Prehistoric hunters were the first to discover, explore and use mammoth cave for shelter later. Native Americans also lived in the cave. About 200 years ago, American settlers came to this region. Unlike native Americans. These settlers considered the caves to be of trivial importance during the war of 1812.
[00:01:34] However, the caves resources became valuable salt bitter used in making gunpowder was mine there. After the war with the help of Explorer guides that gave, gained national attention as a tourist attraction, nowadays, visitors can get a foretaste of the caves, the history, and uses within a few hundred yards of its historic entrance.
[00:02:00] There, they will come to the rotunda. A you chamber that features the remains of the salt better mine and was in full operation during the war of 1812. Today, mammoth cave is both a national park and a world heritage site. To accommodate it. So many visitors, hotels and restaurants have been built adjacent to the caves, historic entrance as a safety precaution, many miles of its passage ways have handrails that are lit with electric lights.
[00:02:34] Yet even with these improvements, the cave remains a dangerous place. In fact, all visitors must tour the cave accompanied by a park ranger. So that was our story about mammoth cave, the biggest cave system in the world. So there’s nothing humdrum about this place. Is there. So without further ado, now let’s get to it.
[00:02:58] And let’s start talking about the words we want to focus on. In today’s episode, let’s start with our very first word humdrum. Now in our story, we said, yes, you will see that the landforms are typical of vistas. You will see in Tennessee, Kentucky and the surrounding States, yet there is nothing humdrum about what lurks beneath those ridges.
[00:03:21] Yet, there is something very special, nothing humdrum, nothing ordinary, nothing commonplace, nothing boring about this place. So our first word is humdrum, H U M D R U M. Humdrum. And if you describe someone or something as humdrum, you mean that they are ordinary dull or boring and it shows your disapproval.
[00:03:49] So here we said, just the opposite. We said, yes, there is nothing humdrum, nothing boring about what lurks beneath those ridges. So that was our first word. Let’s take a look at our second word interminable. Now in the story, we said four underneath the old growth forest of black Oak beach, sugar, maple to look Poplar and Hickory lies the world’s longest cave system.
[00:04:16] Mammoth cave with its seemingly innocent terminable number of underground passageways and rooms. Well, what we talk about mammoth escape. We talk about the biggest cave system in the world, and we say interminable number of underground passageways and rooms. Do you think we are talking about a limited number or are we talking about something that is not too many?
[00:04:40] Actually it’s just the opposite. If you describe something as interminable, you are emphasizing that it continues for a very long time and indicating that you wish it was shorter or would stop. So here, obviously we don’t want it to stop. We want it to be that big, but we’re talking about something huge that seems never to end interminable number of underground passageways and rooms.
[00:05:07] And interminable is spelled I N T E R M I N a B L E. Interminable. And now let’s move to the next word trivial. Now, in this story, we talked about native Americans who lived in the cave and about 200 years ago, American settlers came to this region. But unlike native Americans, these settlers considered the caves to be of trivial importance.
[00:05:36] So they didn’t, I use them that much. They didn’t think they were that important. So they consider the caves to be of trivial importance. So when you say something is trivial or of trivial importance, you are not talking about a serious and an important thing you’re talking about just the opposite. If you describe something as trivial, you think that it is unimportant and not serious and trivial spelled T R I V I a L trivial.
[00:06:09] And now for our next word for taste in our story, we said, nowadays, visitors can get a foretaste of the caves history and uses within a few hundred yards of its historic entrance. So we’re talking about a foretaste. We’re not talking about the whole picture and we’re not talking about every single detail we’re talking just about a taste, but this is a very special word.
[00:06:36] It’s not just a taste. It’s a foretaste. If you describe an event as a foretaste of a future situation, you mean that it suggests to you what the future situation will be like. Now, this is the original meaning of the word. Now, obviously in our story, we didn’t use it exactly to talk about the future.
[00:06:55] We’re talking about the best aren’t we, but here it serves like a preview. It’s like when you have a foretaste of an opera or a movie, it just shows you a preview of the opera or the movie. So here it is, foretastes of the caves history and uses within a few hundred yards of its historic entrance. By the way, for taste is spelled F O R E T a S T E for taste.
[00:07:25] And now for our last word for today, adjacent. Now in our story, we said to accommodate its many visitors, hotels and restaurants have been built adjacent to the caves historic entrance. So when you talk about adjacent, you’re talking about something that has to do with position where something is positioned next to something else, et cetera.
[00:07:50] So if one thing is adjacent to another, the two things are next to each other. So obviously we’re talking about position here adjacent. Is spelled ADJ a C E T adjacent. And we usually use it as adjacent to something we use the preposition to, with it, like next to adjacent to. All right. So these were our words for today.
[00:08:18] I hope you found them useful. I hope you like the story. And if you ever get, I get the chance to visit this huge cave system, just go there and let us know how it looks like I didn’t do it, but I hope one day I get the chance to go there and visit the mammoth cave. Before I go, I have to remind you that we have the transcript of this episode, the interactive activities on Quizzlet and the downloadable PDF activities that you can find.
[00:08:46] On my website. I left you the link in the description this episode. And remember, if you go to the website, you get to learn more words. You get to learn 20 new words every week, including the few words we include in our guest episodes. So don’t miss the chance to practice. Go get the PDF that includes the crossword puzzles, the spelling challenges, and the multiple choice quiz among other activities.
[00:09:13] And again, Quizzlet is an excellent way to practice your vocabulary and all of our vocabulary builder episodes, and all the words we have in them are included as Quizzlet interactive activities. So you can get the full benefit by taking the link. And don’t forget to support us on Patreon, because this is the way you will help us continue and grow into a fully fledged 24 seven internet radio that serves everybody everywhere.
[00:09:42] Quality education for free. So that being said, thank you very much for listening to another episode from English plus podcast. This is your host, Danny. I will see you next time.